Lift Voices Describe Hardships Among Black And Latina Mothers In Pandemic

Though theCenter for American Progressreports that the level of educational attainment for Latinas has risen in the past few years, graduation rates for Latinas, at 31.3% in 2008, are still significantly lower than graduation rates for white women, at 45.8%. In 2011, the American Civil Liberties Unionmaintainedthat mass incarceration has an exceptional effect on Latinas and black women, who are typically the primary caregivers for their children and are also disproportionately victimized. Driven largely by the War on Drugs, women of color, particularly black and Latina women, comprise the fastest-growing sector of the prison population. Patterns of female family structure are found to be similar in Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic, and tend to be more matrifocal. Conversely, Mexican and Costa Rican women are often migrating from a patriarchal husband-wife system, with just 13% and 22% of households headed by women in these countries, respectively.

Closing the Latina women’s pay gap, Ms. Thomas added, would result in an additional $1 million in earnings over the course of a Latina woman’s career. “The impact it has on spending power for Latinas and their families is tremendous,” she said. That gap is greater than for black women, who earn 39% less than white men, according to an analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data, and greater than for Native American women, who earn 42% less than white men. None of these policy interventions is a silver bullet on its own, but together they would support greater economic opportunity for Latina workers and all other workers.

By having such a wide, diverse audience, she left her mark on America’s pop culture as a female Cuban immigrant. Like Celia, Gloria Estefan was born in Cuba and is arguably the most famous Cuban American singer to date. Her Latin music flooded American radio stations and television features, bringing Latina presence into American pop culture. There are various Latina women involved in organizations and programs that aim to aid Latina women affected/victimized by human trafficking or domestic abuse.

Among Hispanic Americans, country of origin also has a strong impact on labor force participation. Mora and Dávila also find significant differences based on the generation of immigration. The wage gap between second-generation Hispanic workers and second-generation white workers is narrower than the gap between first-generation Hispanic and white workers.5 But beyond this drop from the first to the second generation, the gap doesn’t narrow further for later generations.

Few studies to date, however, have evaluated the population health implications of the election for Latina mothers and their children. The 2016 presidential election may have been associated with adverse health outcomes of Latina women and their newborns. My wife sometimes listens to Spanish language news where she tells me the negative news dominates even more than on English language news broadcasts.

Fact Sheet: The State Of Latinas In The United States

Gloria later resigned from the organization due to what she called gender inequality within the movement. Yes, the United States has come a long way since the days when women could not legally vote and were barred from legitimate employment – but the reminder of this wage gap demonstrates that our lawmakers still have much to do to ensure equality for all women in America. And it’s the kind of step forward that we need, since current projections show that – if trends to close the Latina wage gap continue – they’ll have to wait 232 years for equal pay. White women are projected to wait 40 more years, and Black women are projected to wait another 108.

The downturn has affected some Americans more than others, particularly Hispanic women, immigrants, young adults and those with less education. Doing back-breaking work under the unforgiving sun, sleeping in rough shacks with dozens of men to a room, all for below-poverty-level wages; farm workers in the early Twentieth Century, most of whom were immigrants from Central America, had a hard, painful, unjust life. In 1965, Huerta created the United Farm Workers, an organization that worked tirelessly to improve the working conditions for farm workers. By leading boycotts, picketing, protesting and lobbying, Huerta was instrumental in bringing about legislation that protects some of the most vulnerable people in our society. “You need laws and you need structures that lead the way to gender equality,” said Prime Minister Sanna Marin of Finland, the second-youngest head of government in the world, in a CNN interview.

According to 2018 Census Bureau data, women with a bachelor’s degree earn 74 cents for every dollar a man with a bachelor’s degree makes. That’s actually worse than for women without a college degree, who earn 78 cents for every dollar a man makes. The research shows that Latinas are paid less than white men despite their experience, education level, or where they live.

Something that could help is a minimum wage increase, which would benefit a large amount of Latina workers. The Economic Policy Institute estimates that if the minimum wage were increased to $12 per hour by 2020 – a proposal introduced in Congress that lawmakers ultimately didn’t take up – then more than 35 million workers would receive a raise. The majority of those workers are women, 4.2 million are Latinas, and over 38 percent of Latinos who would benefit are parents. Although a minimum wage hike wouldn’t fully solve the problem, it is a step in the right direction.

It also documents LIFT members’ experience with accessing key relief measures and the important role of LIFT’s cash payments in filling in gaps. It focuses on Black and Latina women, who have been among those hardest hit by the pandemic and represent the majority of LIFT members. Navarro AM, Raman R, McNicholas LJ, Loza O. Diffusion of cancer education information through a Latino community health advisor program. Caution should be used in generalizing the findings because of the small number of Latina women, the inability to assess subgroups and acculturation status of Latinas, the insured nature of the sample, and the data collection method. Rooted in the coronavirus outbreak, job losses in the latest recession have been concentrated in sectors in which social distancing of workers is difficult or the option to telework is lacking.

Before developing the AMIGAS adaptation, we conducted 3 focus groups with ethnically and culturally diverse Latina women to explore the factors that increased their HIV risks. We collected ethnographic data on their beliefs related to gender and social norms and sexual communication, as well as their knowledge and misconceptions concerning HIV.

In 2011, 788,000 Latinas ran their own businesses, representing a 46% increase from 2006. Comparatively, female business owners as a whole only increased by 20% during this same time period. These wage gaps in the workforce affect Latinas at every socioeconomic status, not just the working class. Latina women are the most likely group to be paid at or below the minimum wage, with 5.7% of wage and salary workers earning this amount. Of women in the workforce with advanced degrees (master’s, professional, and doctoral degrees), Latinas earn the lowest median weekly earnings of all racial and ethnic groups in the United States.

Of the Latinas participating in the labor force, 32.2% work in the service sector, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This percentage is significantly higher than that of white women, who fall at 20%. Conversely, Latinas are underrepresented in various other sectors of the labor force, particularly as business owners. However, Latina entrepreneurship has grown immensely since the start of the 21st century.

Hispanic/http://humayunfarid.xyz/blog/2020/05/16/function-as-first-to-learn-what-the-experts-say-about-venezuela-girls/ are more likely to seek care for breast cancer in an emergency situation, once advanced-stage breast cancer begins to cause pain. At this stage, the disease is usually less treatable and usually has a worse prognosis. For instance, women who use high-dose estrogen oral contraceptives for family planning may have an increase in their risk of breast cancer. Studies suggest that women living in Latin America may not have the same exposure to oral birth control as women of Hispanic/Latina background in the United States. A 2018 study identified breast cancer genes that are more common among women of Hispanic/Latino descent.

Findings show that this could be due to the added responsibilities that come with being a mother and working multiple jobs. Another factor regarding employment includes the frustration and depression that arises from Latinx women being overqualified for the jobs they work, due to racial and gender discrimination5. 15 was established at this time of the year to commemorate Hispanic nations gaining independence from Spain. The month has now grown to incorporate Latinos, which includes Hispanics and non-Spanish speaking south and central American countries such as Brazil. Latinx people have become the largest minority group in the United States, making up about 17 percent of the population1.

Within the category of women, immigrant women are the ones who are targeted and pulled in more easily. Due to their lack of knowledge of their new surroundings, the English language, and vulnerability to work, these women are more easily tricked, or coerced, into these businesses.

Information obtained from the focus groups, Latina HIV prevention workers, community representatives, and a review of the literature highlighted the importance of making the intervention culturally congruent. We used a published adaptation framework (ADAPT-ITT)20 to guide a systematic process of selecting and then adapting SiSTA, an HIV risk reduction intervention for young African American women that is widely disseminated with CDC support,21 for use with Latina women.